PCRI-HardDriveBasics

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2

Week 2

(Covers Chapters 7, 8, and 10)

Building Skills

The following exercises will help you understand hard disk storage principles and interfaces.

 

Exercise 1: Reading Assignment

Read Chapters 10, 7, and 8.

Exercise 2: Identifying Hard Drive Components

If you have the hardware available to you, use your hard drive to identify the requested components. You can purchase an old or broken hard drive, cut the seals, and disassemble it. Fill in the names of the component parts shown in Figure 2.1.

Figure 2.1

Exercise 3: Identifying Hard Drive Parameters

What information can you discover about the hard drive? If you have the hardware available to you, examine the hard drive using the SiSoft Sandra utility. Without opening a computer, you can see what size hard drive is installed.

 

Steps

Check off each step as you complete it.

1. With the computer turned on and Windows running, run the Sandra utility you installed in Chapter 2, "PC Components, Features, and System Design."

Note

If you have questions about using the Sandra utility, see Chapter 2. If you are using Windows 3.x, use the System Analyst for Windows utility that is found on the Student Resource CD-ROM. It is similar to Sandra and can provide the same information.

2. Select the System Summary icon and scroll down to the drive information (see Figure 2.2).

Figure 2.2

Floppy Drive A: _______ M

Floppy Drive B: _______ M

Hard drive C name: _______________________

Hard drive C size: _____________________

Hard drive D name (if applicable): _______________________

Hard drive D size (if applicable): ____________________

CD-ROM drive letter (if applicable): ________

Other removable drive letters and type: ______________________

3. Click OK to return to the main screen. From the File menu, choose Exit to exit the Sandra utility.

Coming to Terms

Using the UPGRADE.HLP file, locate each of the following terms and, in your own words, write a short definition for each.

1. bus mastering

2. DMA

3. automatic head parking

4. cylinder

5. disk caching

6. encoding method

7. head crash

8. head actuator

9. high-level format

10. low-level format

11. partitioning

12. platter

13. Winchester drive

14. ATA IDE

15. daisy chain

16. Enhanced IDE

17. Fast SCSI

18. IDE

19. Wide SCSI

20. auto-detect

21. defect mapping

22. FDISK

23. Ontrack Disk Manager

24. user-definable drives

25. changeline

26. cluster

27. full-height drive

 

Testing Your Knowledge

True and False

There are usually up to 4 IDE controllers on a motherboard.

A fixed disk is the same as a hard disk.

Hard drives consist of spinning platters.

Heads and cylinders are numbered starting with 1.

Sectors on a track are numbered starting with 1.

Physical formatting is referred to as low-level formatting.

Logical formatting is referred to as low-level formatting.

Most hard drives have air filters.

A drive does not have to be partitioned if it will be the only volume (drive C:).

IDE drives need to be assigned unique bus Ids.

SCSI drives are also known as ATA drives.

IDE drives are desirable for high end servers and RAID systems.

Up to 7 devices can be attached to an IDE bus.

Essay

1. Identify which conditions you would consider SCSI to be a more desirable choice than IDE.

2. Make a "wish list" of features you would look for in a drive.

3. Use the Internet to find price guides, benchmarking software, and user reviews for hard drives.

4. Describe how cluster sizes affect drive performance and when (if at all) large cluster sizes may be more desirable than small ones.

5. Identify and list the features of other disk partitioning software available on the market (for example, Partition Magic, Disk Druid, and so on).

6. Describe under what conditions would low-level formatting an IDE drive may be necessary.

 

Answers

 

True and False

1. F

2. T

3. T

4. F

5. T

6. T

7. F

8. T

9. F

10. F

11. F

12. F

13. F

 

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