The following exercises will help you understand hard disk storage principles and interfaces.
Exercise 1: Reading Assignment
Read Chapters 10, 7, and 8.
Exercise 2: Identifying Hard Drive Components
If you have the hardware available to you, use your hard drive to identify the requested components. You can purchase an old or broken hard drive, cut the seals, and disassemble it. Fill in the names of the component parts shown in Figure 2.1.
Exercise 3: Identifying Hard Drive Parameters
What information can you discover about the hard drive? If you have the hardware available to you, examine the hard drive using the SiSoft Sandra utility. Without opening a computer, you can see what size hard drive is installed.
Check off each step as you complete it.
1. With the computer turned on and Windows running, run the Sandra utility you installed in Chapter 2, "PC Components, Features, and System Design."
2. Select the System Summary icon and scroll down to the drive information (see Figure 2.2).
Floppy Drive A: _______ M
Floppy Drive B: _______ M
Hard drive C name: _______________________
Hard drive C size: _____________________
Hard drive D name (if applicable): _______________________
Hard drive D size (if applicable): ____________________
CD-ROM drive letter (if applicable): ________
Other removable drive letters and type: ______________________
3. Click OK to return to the main screen. From the File menu, choose Exit to exit the Sandra utility.
Using the UPGRADE.HLP file, locate each of the following terms and, in your own words, write a short definition for each.
1. bus mastering
3. automatic head parking
5. disk caching
6. encoding method
7. head crash
8. head actuator
9. high-level format
10. low-level format
13. Winchester drive
14. ATA IDE
15. daisy chain
16. Enhanced IDE
17. Fast SCSI
19. Wide SCSI
21. defect mapping
23. Ontrack Disk Manager
24. user-definable drives
27. full-height drive
True and False
___T___F 1. There are usually up to 4 IDE controllers on a motherboard.
___T___F 2. A fixed disk is the same as a hard disk.
___T___F 3. Hard drives consist of spinning platters.
___T___F 4. Heads and cylinders are numbered starting with 1.
___T___F 5. Sectors on a track are numbered starting with 1.
___T___F 6. Physical formatting is referred to as low-level formatting.
___T___F 7. Logical formatting is referred to as low-level formatting.
___T___F 8. Most hard drives have air filters.
___T___F 9. A drive does not have to be partitioned if it will be the only volume (drive C:).
___T___F 10. IDE drives need to be assigned unique bus Ids.
___T___F 11. SCSI drives are also known as ATA drives.
___T___F 12. IDE drives are desirable for high end servers and RAID systems.
___T___F 13. Up to 7 devices can be attached to an IDE bus.
1. Identify which conditions you would consider SCSI to be a more desirable choice than IDE.
2. Make a "wish list" of features you would look for in a drive.
3. Use the Internet to find price guides, benchmarking software, and user reviews for hard drives.
4. Describe how cluster sizes affect drive performance and when (if at all) large cluster sizes may be more desirable than small ones.
5. Identify and list the features of other disk partitioning software available on the market (for example, Partition Magic, Disk Druid, and so on).
6. Describe under what conditions would low-level formatting an IDE drive may be necessary.
True and False